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美国科学院公布新当选院士 高福、颜宁等华人入选

2019年05月01日 09:14 来源于 财新网
今年新当选的院士名单中,约40%是女性学者,创下了历年之最

  作品来源:《知识分子》(微信公号:The-Intellectual)

  整理 | 赵亚杰、叶水送

  北京时间4月30日,美国科学院公布新入选的院士名单,共有100名美国本土科学家以及25名外籍科学家入选。

  今年新当选的华人学者有中国疾控中心主任、国家自然基金委副主任高福、普林斯顿大学教授、结构生物学家颜宁、哈佛大学工程与应用科学学院锁志刚以及洛克菲勒大学教授、HHMI研究员陈觉(Jue Chen)。

  值得一提的是,今年新当选的院士名单中,约40%是女性学者,创下了历年之最。

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高福,图片来自国家疾控中心

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颜宁,图片来自baidu.com

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锁志刚,图片来自harvard

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Jue Chen,图源rockefeller.edu

美国科学院中的华人学者

  截止2018年,共有超过100名华人、华裔科学家当选为美国科学院院士以及外籍院士,其中包括李政道、杨振宁、丁肇中等华人诺贝尔奖得主,也包括丘成桐、陶哲轩两位华人菲尔兹奖得主,杂交水稻专家袁隆平也于2006年当选为美国科学院外籍院士。

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  第一位当选美国科学院外籍院士的华人科学家是“中国生理学之父”——林可胜,在1942年其当选为美国科学院外籍院士之后,1955年加入美国国籍,他在1956年又转为美国科学院院士。第一位当选美国科学院院士的华人科学家为“中国的居里夫人”——吴健雄,她于1958年当选为美国科学院院士。

  新中国成立后,第一位当选为美国科学院外籍院士的大陆科学家为数学家华罗庚。2004年,当时只有41岁的王晓东当选为美国科学院院士,他也因此成为了新中国培养出来的第一位美国科学院院士,而第二位则要等到2009年,那一年,社会学家谢宇当选为美国科学院院士,成为了当选为美国科学院院士以及外籍院士中唯一一位华裔社会学家。此后又有24位在大陆接受教育的科学家,当选为美国科学院院士。

  美国科学院简介

  美国国家科学院成立于1863年,是一个非盈利、非政府组织。入选该院的院士是美国乃至世界学术界最高的荣誉之一。入选者不需要自行申请,而是基于其在原创研究中所做出的突出且持续的贡献,新院士由现任院士在每年四月举行的美国科学院年会上投票选出。每年将会有100名国籍为美国的新院士被选出,与此同时还有最多有25名的外籍院士被选出来。目前美国科学院院士总产生2347名院士,其中约有487名为外籍院士。截止2018年,他们中有190人曾获得过诺贝尔奖。

  如下为今年新当选的名单

  Ackerman, Susan L.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and Steven Kuffler Chair of Biology and professor, department of cell and molecular medicine, University of California, San Diego

  Aizenberg, Joanna; Amy Smith Berylson Professor of Materials Science and professor of chemistry and chemical biology, John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

  Alberts, Susan C.; Robert F. Durden Professor of Biology, departments of biology and evolutionary anthropology, Duke University, Durham, N.C.

  Balents, Leon; professor of physics and permanent member, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara

  Banks, Martin S.; professor, Wills Neuroscience Institute, and professor of bioengineering, School of Optometry, University of California, Berkeley

  Basbaum, Allan I.; professor and chairman, department of anatomy, University of California, San Francisco

  Bierbaum, Rosina M.; Roy F. Westin Chair in Natural Economics, University of Maryland; and professor of natural resources and environment policy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

  Booker, Squire J.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and Evan Pugh University Professor of Chemistry and professor of biochemistry and molecular biology, department of chemistry, The Pennsylvania State University, State College

  Boyden, Edward S.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and Y. Eva Tan Professor in Neurotechnology and professor, departments of brain and cognitive sciences and biological engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge

  Bretherton, Christopher S.; professor, departments of applied mathematics and atmospheric sciences, University of Washington, Seattle

  Caflisch, Russel E.; director and professor, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York City

  Callaway, Edward M.; professor, Audrey Geisel Chair in Biomedical Sciences, and senior fellow, Crick-Jacobs Center for Theoretical and Computational Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, Calif.

  Chayes, Jennifer T.; managing director, Microsoft Research New York; and managing director, Microsoft Research New England, Cambridge, Mass.

  Chen, Jue; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and William E. Ford Professor, The Rockefeller University, New York City

  Cialdini, Robert B.; regents' professor emeritus, departments of psychology and marketing, Arizona State University, Tempe

  Colonna, Marco; Robert Rock Belliveau MD Professor and professor of pathology, department of pathology and immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis

  Coruzzi, Gloria M.; Carroll and Milton Petrie Professor of Biology, department of biology, Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, New York University, New York City

  Cuervo, Ana Maria; professor of developmental and molecular biology, anatomy and structural biology, and medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, N.Y.

  Currie, Janet; Henry Putnam Professor of Economics and Public Affairs and director, Center for Health and Well-Being, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.

  Dine, Michael; distinguished professor, department of physics, University of California, Santa Cruz

  Egelman, Edward H.; Harrison Distinguished Professor, department of biochemistry and molecular genetics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville

  Ekström, Göran; professor of earth sciences, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, N.Y.

  Elser, James J.; professor, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University; and Bierman Professor of Ecology and director, Flathead Lake Biological Station, University of Montana, Polson

  Engels, William R.; professor of genetics emeritus, Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison

  Falcone, Roger W.; director, Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; and professor, department of physics, University of California, Berkeley

  Farquhar, James; professor, department of geology and earth systems science, Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland, College Park

  Fogel, Marilyn L.; director, EDGE Institute, and Wilbur W. Mayhew Endowed Professor of Geoecology, department of earth sciences, University of California, Riverside

  Friend, Cynthia M.; Theodore William Richards Professor of Chemistry, professor of materials sciences, and director, Rowland Institute at Harvard, department of chemistry and chemical biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

  García-Sastre, Adolfo; director, Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute, and professor of microbiology and medicine, department of microbiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City

  Gierasch, Lila M.; distinguished professor, department of biochemistry and molecular biology and department of chemistry, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

  Goldberg, Pinelopi K.; William K. Lanman Professor of Economics, department of economics, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.

  Greene, Chris H.; Albert Overhauser Distinguished Professor, department of physics and astronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Ind.

  Grimm, Nancy B.; Virginia M. Ullman Professor of Ecology and senior sustainability scientist, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe

  Hagan, Maura E.; dean of science, College of Science, Utah State University, Logan

  Hammond, Paula T.; David H. Koch (1962) Professor of Engineering and department head, department of chemical engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge

  Harrison, Maria J.; William H. Crocker Research Chair, Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.

  Heald, Rebecca; Flora Lamson Hewlett Endowed Chair in Biochemistry, professor, and head, division of cell and developmental biology, molecular and cell biology department, University of California, Berkeley

  Inouye, Masayori; distinguished professor, department of biochemistry and molecular biology, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick

  Jackson, Jeremy B.C.; professor emeritus, Scripps Institution of Oceanography; and senior scientist emeritus, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C.

  Jinks-Robertson, Sue; professor, co-vice chair, and director, cell and molecular biology program, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, N.C.

  Johnson, Patricia J.; professor, department of microbiology, immunology, and molecular genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles

  Kahne, Daniel; Higgins Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology and of Molecular and Cellular Biology, department of chemistry and chemical biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

  Kamionkowski, Marc; William R. Kenan Jr. Professor, department of physics and astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore

  Kirkegaard, Karla A.; Violetta L. Horton Research Professor, professor of genetics, and professor of microbiology and immunology, department of genetics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.

  Kotliar, Gabriel; board of governors professor, department of physics and astronomy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick

  Kra, Bryna Rebekah; Sarah Rebecca Roland Professor of Mathematics, mathematics department, Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill.

  Krasnow, Mark A.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and Paul and Millie Berg Professor of Biochemistry, department of biochemistry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif.

  Laibson, David; Robert I. Goldman Professor of Economics and chair, department of economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

  Lenardo, Michael J.; director, clinical genomics program, and senior investigator and section chief, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md.

  Levin, Leonid A.; professor of computer science, computer science department, Boston University, Boston

  Ley, Timothy J.; Lewis T. and Rosalind B. Apple Chair in Oncology, division of oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis

  Lipson, Michal; professor, department of electrical and computer engineering, Columbia University, New York City

  Long, Stephen P.; Gutgsell Endowed Professor and Ikenberry Endowed University Chair, departments of plant biology and crop sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

  Malik, Harmit S.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and full member, division of basic sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle

  Marchetti, M. Cristina; professor, department of physics, University of California, Santa Barbara

  Marraffini, Luciano A.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and professor, The Rockefeller University, New York City

  Martínez, Todd J.; D.M. Ehrsam and E.C. Franklin Professor of Chemistry, Stanford University; and professor of photon science, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, Calif.

  Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof; J.C. Warner University Professor of Natural Science, department of chemistry, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh

  McGinnis, William J.; professor of biology and dean, division of biological sciences, cell, and developmental biology, University of California, San Diego

  Mele, Eugene J.; professor of physics, department of physics and astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

  Milner, George R.; distinguished professor of anthropology, department of anthropology, The Pennsylvania State University, State College

  Milner, Helen V.; B.C. Forbes Professor of Politics and International Affairs, and founding director, Niehaus Center for Globalization and Governance, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.

  Moffitt, Robert A.; Krieger-Eisenhower Professor of Economics, department of economics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore

  Moore, David D.; R.P. Doherty Jr. Welch Professorship and professor, department of molecular and cellular biology, department of medicine, and department of molecular and human genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston

  Nelson, Mark T.; university distinguished professor and chair of pharmacology, University of Vermont, Burlington

  Newman, Dianne K.; professor of biology and geobiology, division of geological and planetary sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

  Ostrander, Elaine A.; NIH distinguished investigator, and chief, Cancer Genetics Branch and Intramural Research Program, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md.

  Pierrehumbert, Janet B.; senior research fellow, Trinity College; and professor of language modelling, Oxford e-Research Centre, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

  Rabin, Matthew; Pershing Square Professor of Behavioral Economics, department of economics, Harvard Business School, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

  Raulet, David; professor of immunology and pathogenesis and co-chair, department of molecular and cell biology, University of California, Berkeley

  Regev, Aviv; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and chair of the faculty and core member, The Broad Institute, Cambridge, Mass.

  Reid, Mark J.; senior radio astronomer, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, Mass.

  Roeder, Kathryn; professor, department of statistics and computational biology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh

  Ronald, Pamela C.; director of grass genetics, Joint BioEnergy Institute; and distinguished professor, department of plant pathology, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Genome Center, University of California, Davis

  Roussel, Martine F.; professor, full member, and endowed chair in molecular oncogenesis, tumor cell biology department, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tenn.

  Sabatini, Bernardo L.; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and Alice and Rodman W. Moorhead III Professor, department of neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston

  Schutz, Bernard F.; professor and deputy director, Data Innovation Research Institute, School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom

  Seljak, Uros; co-director, Berkeley Center for Cosmological Physics, and professor, departments of astronomy and physics, University of California, Berkeley

  Shenker, Scott J.; professor, department of electrical engineering and computer sciences, University of California, Berkeley

  Simon, Barry; IBM Professor of Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, division of physics, astronomy, and mathematics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

  Smith, Karen E.; professor of mathematics, department of mathematics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

  Smith, Linda; distinguished professor, department of psychological and brain sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington

  Speck, Nancy A.; investigator, Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute; and professor, department of cell and developmental biology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia

  Spencer, Thomas E.; Curators' Distinguished Professor of Animal Sciences and professor of reproductive biology and genomics, division of animal sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia

  Strome, Susan; distinguished professor, department of molecular, cell, and developmental biology, University of California, Santa Cruz

  Suo, Zhigang; Allen E. and Marilyn M. Puckett Professor of Mechanics and Materials, John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

  Tirrell, Matthew V.; Pritzker Director, Institute for Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago, Chicago

  Turner, Paul E.; Elihu Professor, department of ecology and evolutionary biology, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.

  Valley, John W.; Charles R. Hise Professor, department of geoscience, University of Wisconsin, Madison

  VandeWoude, Sue; professor, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins

  Voytas, Daniel F.; director, Center for Genome Engineering, and professor, department of genetics, cell biology, and development, University of Minnesota, St. Paul

  Weis, William I.; William M. Hume Professor, professor of structural biology, molecular and cellular physiology, and photon science, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif.

  Williams, David R.; Florence and Laura Norman Professor of Public Health, and professor of African and African American studies and sociology, department of social and behavioral sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston

  Wolberger, Cynthia; professor, department of biophysics and biophysical chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore

  Wolfner, Mariana F.; Goldwin Smith Professor of Molecular Biology and Genetics, department of molecular biology and genetics. Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.

  Yacoby, Amir; professor of physics and professor of applied physics, department of physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

  Yaghi, Omar M.; James and Neeltje Tretter Professor of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley

  Yazdani, Ali; professor of physics, department of physics, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.

  Zilberman, David; professor of agricultural and resource economics, and Robinson Chair, department of agriculture and resource economics, University of California, Berkeley

  Zuk, Marlene; professor, department of ecology, evolution, and behavior, University of Minnesota, St. Paul

  Newly elected foreign associates, their affiliations at the time of election, and their country of citizenship are:

  Ávila, Artur; full professor and researcher, Institut für Mathematik, Universität Zürich, Switzerland (Brazil/France)

  Blatt, Rainer; scientific director, Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, Austrian Academy of Sciences; and professor of physics, Institute for Experimental Physics, University of Innsbruck, Austria (Austria/Germany)

  Blundell, Richard; David Ricardo Professor of Political Economy, department of economics, University College London, United Kingdom (United Kingdom)

  Castillo Butters, Luis Jaime; full professor of archaeology, Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (Peru)

  Feringa, Ben L.; Jacobus van't Hoff Distinguished Professor of Molecular Sciences, Stratingh Institute for Chemistry, University of Groningen, Netherlands (Netherlands)

  Fischer, Alain; professor, College of France; and professor, Institute Imagine, Hospital Necker-Enfants Maladies, France (France)

  Gao, George F.; director general, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; dean, medical school, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences; vice president, National Natural Science Foundation of China; and professor, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, People’s Republic of China (People’s Republic of China)

  Graves, Jennifer A.M.; professor emeritus, Australian National University; and distinguished professor, School of Life Sciences, La Trobe University, Australia (Australia)

  Gyimah-Boadi, Emmanuel; co-founder and executive director, Afrobarometer; and executive director, Ghana Center for Democratic Development, Ghana (Ghana)

  Harel, David; William Sussman Professor of Mathematics, department of computer science and applied mathematics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel (Israel)

  Hassan, Rashid; professor emeritus, agricultural economics, extension and rural development, environmental economics, University of Pretoria, South Africa (South Africa/Sudan)

  Langdale, Jane A.; senior research fellow, Queen's College; and professor, department of plant development, University of Oxford, United Kingdom (United Kingdom)

  Logan, Gordon; Centennial Professor, department of psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. (Canada)

  Nielsen, Jens; professor, department of biology and biological engineering, Chalmers Institute of Technology, Sweden (Denmark)

  Normark, Staffan; professor, department of microbiology, tumor, and cell biology, Karolinska Institute, Sweden (Sweden)

  Novoselov, Konstantin S.; Langworthy Professor of Physics, University of Manchester, United Kingdom (Russia/United Kingdom)

  Oren, Moshe; professor, molecular cell biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel (Israel)

  Saéz, Juan Carlos; acting director, Centro Interdisciplinario de Neurociencia de Valparaíso, Chile (Chile)

  Sauvage, Jean-Pierre; professor emeritus, Supramolecular Science and Engineering Institute, University of Strasbourg, France (France)

  Scheffer, Marten; head, aquatic ecology and water management department, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Netherlands (Netherlands)

  Spirin, Alexander; former director, Institute of Protein Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia (Russia)

  Stefánsson, Kári; professor of medicine, University of Iceland; and president, chief executive officer, and director, deCODE genetics, Iceland (Iceland)

  Watt, Fiona M.; director, Centre for Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine, King's College, United Kingdom (United Kingdom)

  Yan, Nieng; Shirley M. Tilghman Professor of Molecular Biology, department of molecular biology, Princeton University (People’s Republic of China)

  Zechner, Rudolf; director, BioTechMed-Graz; and professor, Institute of Molecular Biosciences, University of Graz, Austria (Austria)

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